Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Iraella hispanica

Iraella hispanica Nieves-Aldrey, 2005

on Papaver

Iraella hispanica: fall on Papaver rhoeas

Papaver rhoeas, galled flower (from Ronquist ao)


The flower bud is transformed into a 2.5 cm large dense leafy bunch, enclosing an irregular cavity with two to six larval chambers. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the dried gall.

host plants

Papaveraceae, monophagous

Papaver dubium, rhoeas.

parasitoids, predators

Parnips nigripes.


Because the gall is quite conspicuous, but nevertheless was only found as late as in 2005, its distribution probably is limited to NE Spain.


Askew, Plantard, Gómez, ao (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (2005a), Pujade-Villar & Schiopu (2015a), Ronquist, Nylander, Vårdal & Nieves-Aldrey (2018a).

Last modified 31.v.2022