Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Isocolus areolata

Isocolus areolata Giraud, 1859

on Centaurea

gall

Galling of the achenes.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Centaurea stoebe.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2022).

parasitoids, predators

Idiomacromerus mayri; Sycophila submutica.

references

Askew, Plantard, Gómez, ao (2006a).

Last modified 6.vi.2022