Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phanacis hypochoeridis

Phanacis hypochoeridis (Kieffer, 1887)

on Hypochaeris

Phanacis hypochoeridis: gall on Hypochaeris cf glabra

Hypochaeris cf glabra, Spain, Montes de Toledo, Parque Nacional de Cabañeros © Sébastien Carbonnelle

Phanacis hypochoeridis: gall on Hypochaeris radicata

Hypochaeris radicata © Roelof Jan Koops


Conspicuous, up to 5 cm long swelling of the stem (sometime petiole), succulent at first, later hard, surfacece often wrinkled. Within c. 50 gall chambers, each with one larva. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the gall.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Hypochaeris achyrophorus, glabra, laevigata, radicata.


Aulacidia, Aulax, hypochoeridis (hypochaeridis).


Eupelmus vesicularis; Pteromalus hieracii.


the larva is described by Gómez Sanchez (2008a).


Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Buhr (1964a), Cerasa (2015a), Chinery (2011a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauhpin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Eady & Quinlan (1963a), Fuau (2017a), Gomez & Nieves-Aldrey (2012a), Gómez Sanchez (2008a), Hellrigl (2009a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1909a), Koops (2013a), Kwast (2012a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Melika (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (1984a, 2001a, 2008a), Nieves-Aldrey & Askew (2002a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 1.v.2022