Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pseudoneuroterus saliens

Pseudoneuroterus saliens (Kollar, 1857)

on Quercus, agamous generation

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris, Hungary, Budapest, Kamaraerdő, 24.viii.217 © László Érsek

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

detail

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

opened gall

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

larva (of the gall causer?)

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

larva of an inquiline or a parasitoid

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris, Hungary, Budapest, Hűvösvölgy, 24.viii.218 © László Érsek

Pseudoneuroterus saliens on Quercus cerris

old galls

Pseudoneuroterus saliens: galls on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris, North Macedonia, National Park Galičica (Resen), oak forest, 1100 m a.s.l., 30.vii.2019 © Cor Zonneveld

Pseudoneuroterus saliens: gall on Quercus cerris

another specimen

Pseudoeuroterus saliens FF gall on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris © Roelof Jan Koops

gall

spindle-shaped gall (actually more like a slender cowry shell), attached to a twig, petiole or midrib, often several in a row. The gall is up to 3 mm long, hard, sometimes with a few length ridges.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, x hispanica, ilex, ithaburensis, libani, lusitanica, petraea, pyrenaica, robur, suber.


on Quercus, sexual generation

Pseudoneuroterus saliens: galls on Quercus cerris

Quercus cerris, England, Colchester, University of Essex campus © Maria Fremlin

Pseudoneuroterus saliens: gall on Quercus cerris

another image

Pseudoneuroterus saliens: gall on Quercus castaneifolia

Quercus castaneifolia, England, Colchester, University of Essex campus © Maria Fremlin

Pseudoeuroterus saliens: sexual generation galls on Quercus x hispanica

Quercus x hispanica (cerris x suber), Belgium, Bruxelles, Ixelles, Jardin du Roi @ Bart Uitterhaegen

Pseudoeuroterus saliens: sexual generation gall

gall

Pseudoeuroterus saliens: sexual generation gall

section

gall

the acorn and cupula are transformed into a succulent mass; from the outside of the cupula spread a large number of, usually reddish, “tentacles”. Several oval gall chambers develop in the gall tissue, each with a solitary larva. Wasps emerge in the summer of the same year.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, ithaburensis, libani, petraea, robur, suber.

synonyms

Neuroterus saliens; N. saltans Giraud, 1859; N. glandiformis Giraud, 1859.

inquilines

Ceroptres cerri.

parasitoids, predators

Ormyrus pomaceus.

references

Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1965a), Cerasa (2015a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dodd & Spooner (2009a), Chinery (2011a), Ecott (2012a), Hellrigl (2009a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Houard (1908a), Koops (2013a), Kwast (2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Melika (2006a), Melika, Csóka & Pujade-Villar (2000a), Melika, Pujade-Villar, Abe ao (2010a), Nieves-Aldrey (1981a, 1984b, 2001a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Pujade-Villar (2005b), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Roskam (2009a), Shachar, Melika, Inbar & Dorchin (2018a), Tavares (1905a), Vilarrubia Garet (1956a), Williams (2010a).

Last modified 12.v.2022