Acantholyda hieroglyphica (Christ, 1791)
Larvae solitary or in small group in a silken tube among the needled; the spinnings are filled with masses of frass. Pupation, without a cocoon, in the soil. Oviposition as one egg per needle. Preference for 3-4 years old trees.
Pinus cembra, contorta, mugo.
Mostly univoltine, sometimes bivoltine.
distribution within Europe
van Achterberg & van Aarten (1986a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Savina & Chevin (2012a).