Fenusella hortulana (Klug, 1818)

Fenusella hortulana: mine on Populus nigra

Populus x canadensis, Belgium, prov. East-Flanders, Dendermonde, Grembergen © Ruben Meert

Fenusella hortulana: larva

larva

Fenusella hortulana mine

Populus nigra cv. ‘Italica’, Belgium, Liège; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Fenusella hortulana mine

larva within the mine

mine

Transparant blotch, quickly turning brown, starting at the leaf margin. Frass in scattered grains. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Populus x canadensis, nigra.

The reference by Taeger ao (1998a) and Chevin (1998a) of Populus albaand tremulaas hostplants is rejected by Altenhofer (1980a, b) and Liston (1993b), who suppose a confusion with Fenusella glaucopis . However, in Altenhofer (2003a) again, next to nigra, alba and tremula are mentiond as hosts. Liston & Späth (2004a) consider only records from P. nigra trustworthy.

In the literature before 1949 also Acer campestre and platanoides are mentioned. This stems from confusion with Hinatara recta (CG Thomson, 1871).

phenology

Minerende larvae around middle May (Altenhofer, 1980b; van Frankenhuyzen, 1974a); hibernation as prepupa in the ground (Güclü & Özbek, 1999a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (van Ooststroom, 1976a).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Bulgaria (Georgiev, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

synonyms

Messa hortulana; Fenusella soenderupi, Hering, 1935.

notes

Van Frankenhuyzen (1974a) describes a case of mass occurrence and damage to a windbreak around an orchard in the province of Zeeland. Also from Turkey damage was reported (Güclü & Özbek, 1999a)

references

Altenhofer (1980a,b, 2003a), Beiger (1979a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1933a, 1941a), Calmarsur & Özbek (2004a,b), Chevin (1987a, 1998), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a), van Frankenhuyzen (1974a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Georgiev (2006a), Güclü & Özbek (1999a), Hering (1934b, 1957a), Liston (1993b, 1995b), Liston & Späth (2004a), Maček (1999a), van Ooststroom (1976a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Robbins (1991a), Scobiola-Palade (1974a), Skala (1951a), Surányi (1942a), Smith (1971a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a).

24/03/2017

mod 25.vii.2017