Heterarthrus aceris (Kaltenbach, 1856)

Heterarthrus aceris mine

Acer pseudoplatanus, Nieuwendam: vacated mine

mine

A largr upper-surface (often almost full depth) blotch, without a trace of an initial corridor, beginning in the very tip of a leaf segment. The full grown larva spins itself a disc shaped cocoon within the mine. Just before, it has made with its mandibles a circle of perforations in the upper epidermis. The the cocoon is formed, attached to the upper epidermis, and the larva becomes immobile. The perforated circle of epidermis starts to dry, warps, and finally becomes detached from the surrounding tissue and drops to the ground (Altenhofer, 1980b; Altenhofer & Zombori, 1989a). Th resulting excision has a diameter of about 7 mm, and is best seen when the leaf is held against the light.

host plants

Sapindaceae, narrowly (?) monophagous

Acer pseudoplatanus.

In my experience, and also according to Altenhofer & Zombori (1987a), Robbins (1991a), and Späth & Liston (2003a) this is the only host plant. However many authors, also modern ones, report the species from A. campestre. The statement by Hering (1957a) that the species in Sweden is also common on A. platanoides certainly must derive from confusion with Heterarthrus flavicollis (Gussakovskij) (Liston, 1993a). Buhr (1941a) reared H. aceris from the small leaves of Acer monspessulanum. Matošević ao (2009a) mention Acer obtusatum as the host plant.

phenology

Larvae in June-July (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Ellis, Sinnich).

NE recorded (van Ooststroom, 1976a).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden tot the Pyrenees bd Italy, and from Ireland to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Like in all Heterarthrus species the thoracic feet are reduced to small stumps; See also Ritzema Bos (1882a).

synonyms

Phyllotoma aceris; Heterarthrus fumipennis Cameron, 1888.

notes

The biology is extensively described, and larva and pupa illustrated, by Ritzema Bos (1882a). He remarks that the larvae in the fallen cocoons still are sufficiently active to make their cocoons, with attached leaf disks, jump for 5 – 10 mm height. The species is parthenogenetic (Schedl, 2006a).

The mines of the Central European Heterarthrus leucomela resemble those of aceris, but the cocoon does not drop out of the leaf.

references

Ahr (1966a), Altenhofer (1980b, 2003a), Altenhofer, Hellrigl & Mörl (2001a), Altenhofer & Zombori (1987a), Beiger (1979a), Blank ao (1998a), Boevé ao (2009a), Buhr (1933a, 1941a, 1964a), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a), Drăghia (1971a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1934b, 1936b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kvičala (1938a), Liston (1993a, 1995b, 2006a), Liston ao (2012a), Lorenz & Kraus (1957a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nowakowski (1954a), van Ooststroom (1976a), Pieronek (1962a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Ritzema Bos (1882a), Robbins (1991a), Schedl (2006a), Scobiola-Palade (1974a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Späth & Liston (2003a), Surányi (1942a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Ureche (2010a), Wahlgren (1944a).

mod 19.vi.2019