Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gilpinia socia

Gilpinia socia (Klug, 1812)

on Pinus

parasite

Larvae communally free on the needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus cembra, mugo, nigra, sylvestris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

Pictures in Kupková ao.

references

Kupková, Holecová & Kulfan (2014a), Liston (2007b), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Schedl (1975a), Taeger, Altenhofer, Blank, ao (1998a), Vas & Zombori (2015a).

Last modified 25.iv.2020