Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Fenella minuta

Fenella minuta (Dalhbom, 1835)

Fenella minuta mine

Geranium pusillum, Amstelveen, Schinkelbos

Fenella minuta mine


start of the mine

Fenella minuta: mine on Geranium pyrenaicum

Geranium pyrenaicum, Nieuwendam: the mined leaf segment curls inwards and turns red


Very transparent mine near the leaf margin, containing abundant frass. The mine begins at a conspicuous oviposition scar. The larva can leave its mine and restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine.


Geraniaceae, monophagous

Geranium columbinum, dissectum, pratense, pusillum, pyrenaicum, rotundifolium, sylvaticum.


Larvae were found in the Netherlands in mid-May and in the first half of September.


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE Found in 2007 in numbers in the Schinkelbos (at a few km from Schiphol); although the species was not included in van Ooststroom’s (1976a) checklist of Dutch Symphyta, there are some unpublished earlier observations in the Netherland (Ad Mol, pers. comm.).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Alps and Carpathians (Fauna Europaea, 2008). However, Hering (1936b) records the species also from Spain, Hartig (1939a) from Italy, and Maček (1999a) from Slovenia.



Fenella voigti Hering, 1932.


Often leaves with mines of F. minuta also contained mines of Agromyza nigrescens.


Altenhofer (2003a), Berland (1947a), Blank ao (1998a), Blasco Zumeta (1994a), Buhr (1941a, 1964a), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932h, 1936b, 1957a), Lhomme (1934d), Liston (1995b), Maček (1999a), van Ooststroom (1976a), Schedl (2012a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Taeger, Altenhofer, Blank, ao (1998a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a).

Last modified 26.iv.2024