Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Fenusella hortulana

Fenusella hortulana (Klug, 1818)

on Populus

Fenusella hortulana: mines on Populus x canadensis

Populus x canadensis, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Balen, Griesbroek, 4.v.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Fenusella hortulana: mine with prepura on Populus x canadensis

mine in transparency, with prepura

Fenusella hortulana: prepupa

prepupa, dorsal

Fenusella hortulana: prepupa

prepupa, ventral

Fenusella hortulana: prepupa with parasitoid

the prepupa is parasitised by Grypocentrus spec.

Fenusella hortulana: mine on Populus nigra

Populus x canadensis, Belgium, prov. East-Flanders, Dendermonde, Grembergen, 24.v.2015 © Ruben Meert

Fenusella hortulana: larva

larva

Fenusella hortulana mine

Populus nigra cv. ‘Italica’, Belgium, Liège, 19.v.2010 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Fenusella hortulana mine

larva within the mine

mine

Transparent blotch, quickly turning brown, starting at the leaf margin. Frass in scattered grains. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Populus x canadensis, nigra.

The reference by Taeger ao (1998a) and Chevin (1998a) of Populus alba and tremula as hostplants is rejected by Altenhofer (1980a, b) and Liston (1993b), who suppose a confusion with Fenusella glaucopis. However, in Altenhofer (2003a) again, next to nigra, alba and tremula are mentioned as hosts. Liston & Späth (2004a) consider only records from P. nigra trustworthy.

In the literature before 1949 also Acer campestre and platanoides are mentioned. This stems from confusion with Hinatara recta (CG Thomson, 1871).

phenology

Minerende larvae around middle May (Altenhofer, 1980b; van Frankenhuyzen, 1974a); hibernation as prepupa in the ground (Güclü & Özbek, 1999a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE recorded (van Ooststroom, 1976a).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Bulgaria (Georgiev, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

synonyms

Messa hortulana; Fenusella soenderupi, Hering, 1935.

notes

Van Frankenhuyzen (1974a) describes a case of mass occurrence and damage to a windbreak around an orchard in the province of Zeeland. Also from Turkey damage was reported (Güclü & Özbek, 1999a)

references

Altenhofer (1980a,b, 2003a), Beiger (1979a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1933a, 1941a), Calmarsur & Özbek (2004a,b), Chevin (1987a, 1998), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a), van Frankenhuyzen (1974a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Georgiev (2006a), Güclü & Özbek (1999a), Hering (1934b, 1957a), Liston (1993b, 1995b), Liston & Späth (2004a), Liston, Vårdal & Prous (2018a), Maček (1999a), van Ooststroom (1976a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Robbins (1991a), Scobiola-Palade (1974a), Skala (1951a), Surányi (1942a), Smith (1971a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a), Zombori (1975a).

Last modified 6.v.2020