Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Scolioneura vicina

Scolioneura vicina Konow, 1894

on Betula

Scolioneura vicina: mines on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Hungary, Kimle, 27.v.2018 © László Érsek

Scolioneura vicina: mine on Betula pendula

the frass of mining sawflies is dry and does not stick to the walls of the mine; it accumulates at the lowest point like grains of pepper in an envelope.

Scolioneura vicina: larva

larva, dorsal and ventral

Scolioneura vicina: larva

head and pronotum dorsal

Scolioneura vicina: larva

head and sternum

Scolioneura vicina: larva


Scolioneura vicina: larva

terminal part of abdomen, ventral

Scolioneura vicina: larva

do, lateral

Scolioneura vicina: mine on Betula pubescens

Betula pubescens, Aalten, 24.v.2002

Scolioneura vicina: mass occurrence on Betula pubescense

Betula pubescens, Diemen, 28.v.2015 © Berend de Vries: mass occurrence

Scolioneura vicina young mine

Betula pendula, Castricum: very young mine, 9.v.2011


Large, transparant, in fresh condition pale green blotch that begins at the leaf margin, without an accumulation of frass. The complete mine may occupy almost the entire leaf. Mine and larva are indistinguishable from those of S. betuleti, but vicina larvae live from mid May till mid June, while the larvae of betuleti are found only in August – October (Altenhofer & Taeger, 1998a).

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula papyrifera, pendula, pubescens.


Univoltine. Larvae from mid May till mid June.


BE recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE Recorded (Ellis, not rare).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden and Finland to Austria, and from Britain to Germany (Edmunds, 2008a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).



A study by Leppänen, Altenhofer, Liston & Nyman (2012a) has shown that at the DNA-level there is no difference with Scolioneura betuleti. Probably both species will have to be synonymised, in which case the oldest name, viz. betuleti, will be the valid one.


Altenhofer (2003a), Altenhofer & Taeger (1998a), Beneš & Holuša (2015a), Blank ao (1998a), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a) , Digweed ao (2009a), Edmunds (2008a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2006a), Haase (1942a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Liston & O’Connor (2005a), Savina & Chevin (2012a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Leppänen, Altenhofer, Liston & Nyman (2012a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Roller & Macek (2017a), Savina & Chevin (2012a), Taeger ao (1998a), Zombori (1978a).

Last modified 8.x.2020