Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euura viminalis

Euura viminalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

on Salix

Euura viminalis galls

Salix purpurea, Kekerdom

Euura viminalis gall, upperside

Salix purpurea, Amsterdamse Waterleiding- duinen; upperside of the leaf

Euura viminalis gall


Euura viminalis gall

transverse section

Euura viminalis gall

tunnels have been eaten within the wall by an inquiline

Euura viminalis gall

the inner wall is lined with papillate cells; the frass grains are rust-coloured

Euura viminalis larva

larva within the gall


Smooth gall, in shape and size like a pea, often very warty, narrowly attached to the underside of a leaf. Sometimes bivoltine.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Salix purpurea.


Eupontania, Pontania, viminalis.


Member of the Euura viminalis species group.


as inquilines, but often also as predators, several weevils live in the galls: Melanapion mininum, Archarias crux, and A. salicivorus. See also the tortricid Gypsonoma dealbana.


Altenhofer, Hellrigl & Mörl (2001a). Askew (1985a), Béguinot (2002e,h, 2003a, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Beneš (2015a), Beneš & Holuša (2015a), Benson (1961a), Berland (1947a), Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a), Buhr (1965a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Flügel (2016a), Haris (2009a), Hellrigl (2004b), Kollár (2011a), Kopelke (1985a), Kopelke & Amendt (2002a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon, Schneider & Chevin (2003a), Lehmann & Flügel (2012a), Liston (2006a, 2007d), Liston, Heibo, Prous ao (2017a), Mol (2013a), Nieves Aldrey (1998a), Perović, Merdić & Perović (2006a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Savina & Chevin (2012a), Schedl (1976a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a), Vikberg (1970a), Vikberg & Zinovjev (2006a), Zinovjev (1994a).

Last modified 21.iv.2024