Pseudodineura mentiens (CG Thomson, 1871)
Hepatica nobilis, eastern Denmark © Simon Haarder
larva, ventral view
Same population, one month later (August, 6th)
lighted from behind
Very transparant full depth blotch that starts at the leaf margin (there a clump of frass), that finally occupies a major part of the leaf. Pupation outside the mine.
Hepatica nobilis, transsilvanica.
Larvae in June – July (Hering, 1957a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
distribution within Europe
From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Italy and Romania, and from Britain to Poland (Liston & Blank, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).
Hering (1957a) calls the species “very common, also in gardens and parks”, and Liston & Blank (2006a) even describe it as a minor horticultural pest in Scotland. Therefore a species to be on the lookout for, especially in Belgium, where H. nobilis is still just native.
Ahr (1966a), Altenhofer (2003a), Altenhofer, Hellrigl & Mörl (2001a), Altenhofer & Pschorn-Walcher (2006a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1933a, 1941a, 1964a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924b, 1925b, 1929a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kulfan (2004a), Liston (1995b, 2006a), Liston & Blank (2006a), Liston, Prous & Vårdal (2019c), Liston & Späth (2004a), Lorenz & Kraus (1957a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a, 2006a), Sønderup (1949a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a), Viramo (1969a), Wahlgren (1944a, 1951a, 1963a).