Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pseudodineura mentiens

Pseudodineura mentiens (CG Thomson, 1871)

on Hepatica

Pseudodineura mentiens mine on Hepatica nobilis

Hepatica nobilis, eastern Denmark © Simon Haarder

Pseudodineura mentiens: larva in the mine

occupied mine

Pseudodineura mentiens: larva

larva, ventral view

Pseudodineura mentiens: occupied mine on Hepatica nobilis

Same population, one month later (August, 6th)

Pseudodineura mentiens: occupied mine on Hepatica nobilis

lighted from behind


Very transparant full depth blotch that starts at the leaf margin (there a clump of frass), that finally occupies a major part of the leaf. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Rannculaceae, monophagous

Hepatica nobilis, transsilvanica.


Larvae in June – July (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Italy and Romania, and from Britain to Poland (Liston & Blank, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).


Hering (1957a) calls the species “very common, also in gardens and parks”, and Liston & Blank (2006a) even describe it as a minor horticultural pest in Scotland. Therefore a species to be on the lookout for, especially in Belgium, where H. nobilis is still just native.


Ahr (1966a), Altenhofer (2003a), Altenhofer, Hellrigl & Mörl (2001a), Altenhofer & Pschorn-Walcher (2006a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1933a, 1941a, 1964a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924b, 1925b, 1929a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kulfan (2004a), Liston (1995b, 2006a), Liston & Blank (2006a), Liston, Prous & Vårdal (2019c), Liston & Späth (2004a), Lorenz & Kraus (1957a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a, 2006a), Sønderup (1949a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a), Viramo (1969a), Wahlgren (1944a, 1951a, 1963a).

Last modified 17.v.2020