Pleroneura coniferarum (Hartig, 1837)
A single egg is deposited in the apex of a very young, still closed vegetative bud, The larva bores in the axis of the bud and empties this completely. Once fully fed the larva leaves the bug and pupates in the soil in a dark brown cocoon. The species seems completely parthenogenetic.
Abies alba, ? borisii-regis, cephalonica.
distribution within Europe
Blank (2002a), Savina & Chevin (2012a).