Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xyela curva

Xyela curva Benson, 1939

on Pinus

parasite

The larvae develop in a completely closed male inflorescence, feeding on the pollen. Pupation in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana + salzmannii.

phenology

The pupae may remain dormant for one to several years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Blank (2002a), Blank, Shinohara & Altenhofer (2013a), Gyurkovics & Haris (2012a), Liston, Prous & Macek (2019a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a), Taeger, Altenhofer, Blank, ao (1998a).

Last modified 7.v.2020