Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xyela graeca

Xyela graeca Stein, 1876

on Pinus


The larvae develop communally in a completely closed male inflorescence, feeding on the pollen. Pupation in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana, sylvestris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Balázs & Haris (2019a), Berland (1947a), Blank (2002a), Blank, Shinohara & Altenhofer (2013a), Haris (2018b), Liston & Späth (2005a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a).

Last modified 20.iv.2020