Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xyela menelaus

Xyela menelaus Benson, 1960

on Pinus


The larvae develop in a completely closed male inflorescence, feeding on the pollen. Pupation in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra & subsp. pallasiana.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Blank (2002a), Blank, Shinohara & Altenhofer (2013a), Gyurkovics & Haris (2012a), Liston, Jacobs & Turrisi (2013a), Liston, Prous & Macek (2019a), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2006a).

Last modified 3.iv.2021