Tebenna micalis (Mann, 1857)
A sizable blotch with an ample quantity of frass. The larva may leave its mine and restart elsewhere. Older larvae often live free in a web under the leaf.
This description, based on Hering (1927a, 1957a), and probably stemming from his experience on the Canary Island is not supported by later authors, who only write about free-living larvae. Also the description by Pelham-Clinton (1985a) and pictures on the internet rather suggest lower-surface window feeding.
Anaphalis triplinervis; Arctium lappa, minus; Carduus baeocephalus, crispus; Carlina acanthifolia, acaulis, vulgaris; Cirsium; Cynara scolymus; Dittrichia viscosa; Echinops; Helichrysum foetidum, italicum subsp. picardii, melaleucum; Inula conyzae, helenium, salicinal Laphangium luteoalbum luteoalbum; Pulicaria arabiva subsp. hispanica, dysenterica, vulgaris; Vogtia annua.
A reference to Eryngium spinalba (Apiaceae) is dubious.
Larve in Britain in August-September; in southern Europe probably all year round (Pelham-Clinton, 1985a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
Europe south of the line Ireland, Britain, France, Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2009); in Britain an immigrant that occurs irregularly.
Body pale green with black pinacula; head pale brown; prothoracal and anal shield transparant with black speckles.
In a spindle-shaped cocoon at the underside of a leaf of the hostplant; the pupa is extruded upon emergence.
Choreutis micalis; Tebenna bjerkandrella of the English authors until the publication by Heckford (1990a). Possibly also the references to bjerkandrella by Kvičala (1938a) and Skala & Zavřel (1945a) relate to micalis.
Aguiar & Karsholt (2006a), Heckford (1984a, 1990a), Hering (1927a, 1957a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), King (1999a), Klimesch (1956c, 1983a), Kvičala (1938a), Pelham-Clinton (1985a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sonderegger (2011a).