Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epermenia chaerophyllella

Epermenia chaerophyllella (Goeze, 1783)

garden lance-wing

Epermenia chaerophyllella on Heracleum sphondylium

Heracleum sphondylium, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Epermenia chaerophyllella mine

Heracleum sphondylium, Nieuwendam

Epermenia chaerophyllella mine

Anthriscus sylvestris, Nieuwendam

Even the very first mines have two holes (invariably in the lower epidermis): one of them was made when the larva penetrated the leaf, and there also most frass is to be found -most of it outside the mine-; the second hole was made when the larva abandoned the mine.


Short, small, irregular, sometimes widened corridor. Mostly a number in a leaf, concentrated in the axils of the midrib and the primary side veins. Each larva makes a number of mines. Often the larva protrudes with its rear end out of the mine, causing most frass to be ejected. While moving, at the leaf underside, silken threads are produced, in which grains of frass may be trapped. Older larvae live free and cause window feeding, often in a group onder a light spinning.

host plants

Apiaceae, broadly oligophagous

Aegopodium podagraria; Angelica archangelica subsp. litoralis, sylvestris; Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium, sylvestris; Apium graveolens; Berula erecta; Carum carvi; Chaerophyllum aureum, hirsutum, temulum; Cicuta virosa; Conium maculatum; Daucus carota; Heracleum mantegazzianum, platytaenium, sphondylium; Levisticum officinale; Ligusticum scothicum; Oenanthe; Pastinaca sativa; Peucedanum ostruthium; Pimpinella saxifraga; Seseli libanotis; Silaum; Sison amomum; Sium latifolium; Torilis.


Larvae in May – June and August – September (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos,1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis, Hobscheid).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).




Budashkin & Gaedike (2005a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Gaedike (1968b, 1972a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Godfray & Sterling (1996a), Hansen, Hattendorf, Wittenberg ao (2006a), Hellers (2020a), Hering (1923a, 1925a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1997a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Koçak, Özdemi̇r & Zlobin (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), Nowakowski (1954a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Shepard (0000a), Skala (1949a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Steeman & Sierens (2020a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a), Wenman (2018a), Wörz (1957a).

Last modified 29.i.2023