Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Biston betularia

Biston betularia (Linnaeus, 1758)

peppered moth

on broadleaved trees, etc.

parasite

Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous

Acer; Alnus glutinosa; Artemisia vulgaris; Bergenia crassifolia; Betula pendula, pubescens; Buddleja davidii; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Cornus sanguinea; Corylus avellana; Cotoneaster; Crataegus monogyna; Cytisus scoparius; Fagus sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus excelsior; Hippophae rhamnoides; Juglans regia; Medicago sativa; Platanus; Populus x canadensis, tremula; Prunus cocomimia, domestica subsp. insititia, spinosa;Pyrus communis; Quercus robur; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rosa canina; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Salix caprea, cinerea, x fragils, viminalis; Sanguisorba officinalis; Sorbus aucuparia; Tamarix gallica; Tilia; Ulmus; Urtica dioica.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Gomez de Aizpúrua, Lepiforum.

references

Ebert (ed., 2003a), Gomez de Aizpúrua (1987a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), King & González-Estébanez (2015a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 21.vii.2021