Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bupalus piniaria

Bupalus piniaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

bordered white, pine looper

on Pinus

parasite

Larvae freely on the needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Pinus nigra, strobus, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Gomez de Aizpúrua, Lepiforum.

references

Ebert (ed., 2003a), Gomez de Aizpúrua (1987a), Jakšić (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Last modified 25.viii.2021