Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pennithera firmata

Pennithera firmata (Hübner, 1822)

pine carpet

on Pinus

parasite

Larvae freely on the needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus sylvestris.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Lepiforum.

synonyms

Thera firmata.

references

Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Last modified 17.vi.2021