Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Apopestes spectrum

Apopestes spectrum (Esper, 1787)

on Retama, etc.

parasite

Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Anagyris foetida; Cytisus; Genista; Glycyrrhiza; Retama monosperma; Spartium junceum.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Freytag, Lepiforum, Valipour ao.

references

Dapporto (1998a), Freytag (1999a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kraus (2000a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Valipour, Vahedi & Zamani (2015a), Marabuto (2018a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 12.xi.2021