Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lymantria monacha

Lymantria monacha (Linnaeus, 1758)

nun moth

on conifers and broadleaved trees

parasite

Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous

Abies alba; Acer pseudoplatanus; Carpinus betulus; Fagus sylvatica; Larix decidua; Malus domestica; Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris; Populus tremula; Quercus robur; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum.

Primarily on Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris (Keena).

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Lepiforum.

parasitoids, predators

Eulophus larvarum.

references

Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Bouček (1959a), Ebert (ed., 1994a), Heuser & Jöst (1948a), Keena (2003a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Melin, Viiri, Tikkanen, ao (2020a).

Last modified 1.vi.2022