Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Helotropha leucostigma

Helotropha leucostigma (Hübner, 1808)

crescent

on Iris, etc.

mine

The larve lives as a borer in the stem and rhizome of several helophytes, but according to Robbins (1991a) and Porter (1997a) in case of yellow iris it should primarily live a an interparenchymatous leaf miner.

hostplants

polyphagous

Acorus calamus; Carex acutiformis; Cladium mariscus; Glyceria maxima; Iris pseudacorus; Typha angustifolia, latifolia.

phenology

Larvae in May – July (Carter & Hargreaves, 1987a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; VlinderNet.nl, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body greyish brown with three vague pale length lines; pinacula dark brown; head shining brown, prothoracic and anal plates shining black.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Celaena leucostigma.

references

Carter & Hargreaves (1987a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Peslier (2000b), Porter (1999a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schaefer (1980a).

Last modified 4.xii.2021