Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xestia c-nigrum

Xestia c-nigrum (Linnaeus, 1758)

lesser black-letter dart

on grasses, herbs

parasite

Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous

Achillea millefolium; Alchemilla; Angelica; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenella flexuosa; Beta vulgaris;Betula; Centaurea; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium; Cichorium endivia; Clematis; Convolvulus arvensis; Crepis; Epilobium; Galium; Hippocrepis comosa; Juncus bufonius; Leontodon; Lonicera; Molinia; Plantago lanceolata; Polygonum; Primula; Prunus spinosa; Pteridium aquilinum; Rubus fruticosus; Stellaria media; Taraxacum; Trifolium; Verbascum thapsus.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Dolinskaya & Geryak, Lepiforum, Pyrgus.

references

Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dolinskaya & Geryak (2010a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021). Peslier (2003a), Pyrgus (2021), Tóth, Tóthová & Cagáň (2004a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a.

Last modified 1.x.2021