Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Panolis flammea

Panolis flammea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

pine beauty

on Pinus, etc.

parasite

Larvae freely on the neeedles.

host plants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus nigra, sylvestris.

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Lepiforum, Pyrgus.

references

Bertaccini (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a).

Last modified 19.ix.2021