Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Nola confusalis

Nola confusalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1847)

least black arches

on broadleaved trees


Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants


Alnus; Carpinus betulus; Crataegus; Fagus sylvatica; Mentha; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Rhamnus; Salix; Tilia cordata; Vaccinium.

Different from many other Nolidae, this species does not feed on lichens (Beshkov).

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Lepiforum, Patočka.


Celama confusalis.


Beshkov (2006a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1994a), Heuser & Jöst (1948a), Huemer & Massaro (2021a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1996b).

Last modified 23.i.2023