Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Nola confusalis

Nola confusalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1847)

least black arches

on broadleaved trees

parasite

Larvae freely on the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous

Alnus; Carpinus betulus; Crataegus; Fagus sylvatica; Mentha; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Rhamnus; Salix; Tilia cordata; Vaccinium.

Different from many other Nolidae, this species does not feed on lichens (Beshkov).

distribution within Europe

PESI (2021).

egg, larva, pupa

see Lepiforum, Patočka.

synonyms

Celama confusalis.

references

Beshkov (2006a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1994a), Heuser & Jöst (1948a), Huemer & Massaro (2021a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1996b).

Last modified 23.i.2023