Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stenoptilia pneumonanthes

Stenoptilia pneumonanthes (B├╝ttner, 1880)

gentian plume


Not well described: a small mine, made by the young larva that at that time uses to live as a stem borer; the older larve feeds on the flowers and ripening fruits.

host plants

Gentianaceae, nauw monophagous

Gentiana cruciata, pneumonanthe.


Moths fly from the end of June to mid-September.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2011).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2011).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2011).


Stenoptilia arenbergeri Gibeaux, 198 (according to Bigot & Picard a valid species!); St. failliei Bigot & Picard, 2008.


Bigot, Nel & Picard (2009a), Bigot & Picard (2008a), Fazekas (2012a), Gielis (1996a), Hart (2011a), Hering (1957a), Nel (1996a), Sutter (1991a).

Last modified 28.i.2020