Wheeleria spilodactylus (Curtis, 1927)

horehound plume

on (Ballota), Marrubium

parasite

Larvae and pupae free on the leaves.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Marrubium vulgare.

Rarely also Ballota nigra.

phenology

Hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum.

pupa

See also Nel (1996a), Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Alucita, Merrifieldia, Wheeleria, spilodactyla; Pterophorus spilodactylus.

references

Bigot, Luquet, Nel & Picard (1990a), Gielis (i986a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2020), Nel (1991e, 1996a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Sutter (1991a), d’Urso, Marchese & Nel (2008a).

mod 8.ii.2020