Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elophila nymphaeata

Elophila nymphaeata (Linnaeus, 1758)

brown china-mark

Elophila nymphaeata: mine in Potamogeton natans

Potamogeton cf. natans, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Elophila nymphaeata: larva mining in Potamogeton natans



Full depth or lower-surface blotch, usually near the attachment of the petiole. Older larvae do not mine any longer but live in a flat case, made out of leaf fragments, and cause window feeding at the leaf underside.

host plants

Polyphagous on floating water plants

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae; Nuphar lutea; Nymphaea alba; Potamogeton gramineus, natans.


Larvae mine in July-August (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).




See Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Nausinoe, Nymphula, nymphyeata, nymphaeata.


Beirne (1954a), Buhr (1935b, 1936a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a), Grabe (1955a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka (2001c), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a), Vallenduuk & Cuppen (2004a), Vallenduuk, Cuppen & van der Velde (1997a).

Last modified 22.xii.2019