Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elophila nymphaeata

Elophila nymphaeata (Linnaeus, 1758)

brown china-mark

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Laakdal, de Roost, 5.ix.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: group of eggs

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

another image; only the eggs with a dark contents have not yet hatched

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

egg with embryo

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

initial galleries

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

initial gallery, followed by a blotch (with larva), then a first window feeding

Elophila nymphaeata on Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

larva in the mine

Elophila nymphaeata on Potamogeton spec.

Potamogeton spec., Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Retie, Witte Netevallei, 25.viii.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: feeding image, with two free-living larvae, each one its its case

Elophila nymphaeata on Potamogeton spec.: larva

grazing larva

Elophila nymphaeata on Potamogeton spec.

a new case is being excised

Elophila nymphaeata on Potamogeton spec.: larva

larva

Elophila nymphaeata on Potamogeton spec.: larva

another image

mine

Full depth or lower-surface blotch, usually near the attachment of the petiole. Older larvae do not mine any longer but live in a flat case, made out of a leaf fragment, and cause window feeding at the leaf underside.

host plants

Polyphagous on floating water plants

Alisma plantago-aquatica; Callitriche palustris; Catabrosa aquatica; Hydrocharis morsus-ranae; Leersia; Myosotis laxa; Nuphar lutea; Nymphaea alba; Nymphoides peltata; Persicaria amphibia; Potamogeton gramineus, lucens, natans, perfoliatus, polygonifolius, pusillus; Sparganium emersum; Stuckenia pectinata

phenology

Larvae mine in July-August (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

pupa

See Lepiforum, Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Nausinoe, Nymphula, nymphyeata, nymphaeata.

references

Beirne (1954a), Buhr (1935b, 1936a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a), Grabe (1955a), Hering (1957a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky, Segerer, ao (2020a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (2001c), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a), Vallenduuk & Cuppen (2004a), Vallenduuk, Cuppen & van der Velde (1997a).

Last modified 12.ix.2021