Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Nymphula nitidulata

Nymphula nitidulata (Hufnagel, 1767)

beautiful china-mark


Long narrow corridor, on or alongside the midrib. The corridor may descend below the water surface, and does contain frass. After some time the larva cuts itself a case out of the mine, and continues living free, partly under water.

host plants

Polyphagous on helophytes

? Elodea; Glyceria maxina; Nuphar lutea; Nymphaea alba; Potamogeton; Sparganium ememrsumm, erectum.

Sparganium is the main hostplant.


Larvae and mines from August till May of the following year (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except parts of the Balkan Peninsula and some Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Yellowish, with a brown dorsal line and a brown head (Hering, 1957a); see also Lepiforum, Vallenduuk & Cuppen.


Nymphula stagnata (Donovan, 1806).


Buhr (1935b, 1937a), Grabe (1955a), Hering (1957a), Huemer & Mayr (1999a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky, Segerer, ao (2020a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lepiforum (2021), Robbins (1991a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a), Vallenduuk & Cuppen (2004a), Vallenduuk, Cuppen & van der Velde (1997a).

Last modified 28.viii.2021