Nymphula nitidulata (Hufnagel, 1767)

beautiful china-mark

mine

Long narrow corridor, on or alongside the midrib. The corridor may descend below the water surface, and does contain frass. After some time the larva cuts itself a case out of the mine, and continues living free, partly under water.

host plants

Polyphagous on helophytes

Glyceria; Nuphar lutea; Nymphaea alba; Potamogeton; Sparganium.

Sparganium is the main hostplant.

phenology

Larvae and mines from August till May of the following year (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except parts of the Balkan Peninsula and some Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Yellowish, with a brown dorsal line and a brown head (Hering, 1957a); see also Vallenduuk & Cuppen (2004a).

synonyms

Nymphula stagnata (Donovan, 1806).

references

Buhr (1935b, 1937a), Grabe (1955a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Robbins (1991a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a), Vallenduuk & Cuppen (2004a), Vallenduuk, Cuppen & van der Velde (1997a).

mod 24.xii.2018