Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cynaeda gigantea

Cynaeda gigantea (Wocke, 1871)


Large, inflated, blotch without a preceding corridor. Frass in a central mass. Pupation in the mine, cocoon in the frass clump.

host plants

Boraginaceae, monophagous

Anchusa; Onosma.

distribution within Europe

At one side France and Switzerland, at the other from Hungary and Romania to Crete (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


A picture on shows a full grown, almost black, larva.


Cynaeda mendicalis Lattin, 1951.


Hering (1957a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky, Segerer, ao (2020a), Scalercio, Ienco & Greco (2019a).

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