Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner, 1796)
the larva lives as a borer. Frass is partly extruded. Inside a Lepidoptera larva. Hibernation, and subsequent pupation in the gall in a cocoon.
According to Buhr no galling is caused; the reference in Roskam needs confirmation.
extremely polyphagous, both on monocots and dicots
the “European corn borer” is worldwide an important pest on cereals, especially maize.
Beirne (1954a), Capinera (2014a), Fiumi (2018a), Hering (1957a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky, Segerer, ao (2020a), Robbins (1991a), Roskam (2009a), Szőcs (1977a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).