Heliothela wulfeniana (Scopoili, 1763)

on Viola

parasite

The larva bores in the stem.

host plants

Violaceae, monophagous

Viola arvensis, tricolor & subsp. curtisii.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum.

synonyms

Heliothela atralis (Hübner, 1788).

references

Lepiforum (2020). Muus (2012a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a).

mod 10.i.2020