Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cydalima perspectalis

Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859)

box-tree moth

on Buxus


Larvae in a flimsy webbing under the leaves; there also thr pupation,

host plants

Buxaceae, monophagous

Buxus sempervirens.


Two or three generations; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva, pop

Pictures on Lepiforum.


Diaphania, Palpita, perspectalis.


Eaas-asiatic species, that made its appearance in Europe in 2007, in Germany and the Netherlands, and that now is spreading rapidly. An infestation usually leads to complete defoliation, and because the hungry larvae then start feeding on the bark this often means the death of the shrub. The species forms a serious threat not only to ornamental Buxus, but even more the the few natural stands of Buxus sempervirens, probably also of B. balearica.


Agius (2018a), Bella (2013a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2018a), Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Fiumi (2018a), Hizal, Kose, Yesil & Kaynar (2012a), Hrnčić, Radonjić & Perović (2017a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Kaupys (2020a), Kenis, Nacambo, Leuthardt ao (2013a), Lepiforum (2019), Muus, van Haaften & van Deventer (2009a), Pastorális, Elsner, Kopeček ao (2013a), Pezzi & Bendazzi (2013a), Plant, Poole, Salisbury & Bird (2019a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Raineri, Bonechi, Caracciolo ao (2017a), Sinchuk, Sinchuk & Kolbas (2020a), Stark (2012a), Szabóky (2012a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 8.xii.2021