Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Assara terebrella

Assara terebrella (Zincken, 1818)

dark spruce knot-horn

on Picea

parasite

Larvae in the cones, feeding on the seeds; here also the pupation.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Picea abies.

phenology

Hibernation as larva

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2020).

references

Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2007a), Murria Beltrán & Ibarra Ibáñez (2008a). Schütze (1931a), Seifert, Wermelinger & Schneider (2003a), Skrzypczyńska (1982a).

Last modified 21.iii.2021