Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phycitodes binaevella

Phycitodes binaevella (Hübner, 1813)

ermine knot-horn

on Carduus, Cirsium


The larvae develop in the flower heads, feeding on the ripening fruits and the involucre. Larvae of other species that happen to live in the same head are eaten as well.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus nutans; Cirsium vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Homoeosoma binaevellum.


Zwoelfer (1971a).

Last modified 23.viii.2019