Vitula biviella (Zeller, 1848)

pine-blossom knot-horn

on Pinus

parasite

The larva lives in a silken tube in the male catkins.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra subsp. laricio, pinaster, pinea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2005a), Roesler (000a), Wegner (2010a).

mod 22.x.2019