Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vitula biviella

Vitula biviella (Zeller, 1848)

pine-blossom knot-horn

on Pinus


The larva lives in a silken tube in the male catkins.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus nigra subsp. laricio, pinaster, pinea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).


Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2005a), Roesler (000a), Wegner (2010a).

Last modified 22.x.2019