Chamaesphecia empiformis (Esper, 1783)

on Euphorbia

parasite

Oviposition on a leaf high in the plant. The young larva descends in an tunnel down to the root crown, next lives as a borer in the roots

host plants

Euphorbiaceae, narrowly monophagous

Euphorbia cyparissias.

phenology

The larva lives for one year, hibernates in its gallery and pupates there in the spring.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.

references

Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bartsch (1992a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Kolbeck & Loos (1995a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2017a), Predovnik (2010a), Sage (2005a), Toševski, Gassmann & Schroeder (1996a).

mod 3.i.2019