Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chamaesphecia empiformis

Chamaesphecia empiformis (Esper, 1783)

on Euphorbia


Oviposition on a leaf high in the plant. The young larva descends in an tunnel down to the root crown, next lives as a borer in the roots

host plants

Euphorbiaceae, narrowly monophagous

Euphorbia cyparissias.


The larva lives for one year, hibernates in its gallery and pupates there in the spring.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bartsch (1992a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Kolbeck & Loos (1995a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2017a, 2019a), Predovnik (2010a), Sage (2005a), Toševski, Gassmann & Schroeder (1996a).

Last modified 3.ii.2020