Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pennisetia hylaeiformis

Pennisetia hylaeiformis (Laspeyres, 1801)

raspberry clearwing

on Rubus


The larva bores in the roots.

host plants

Rosaceae, narrowly monophagous

Rubus idaeus.


The larva live for two years; initially in the roots, later boring in a low branch. Pupation in a dead stem, 0-30 cm above the ground.

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Bembecia hylaeiformis.


The egg is deposited at the underside of a leaf; how the larva from there reaches the base of a branch is not clear. Perhaps the statement by Buhr is relevant that the larva also bores in the rachis of the leaf.


Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Buhr (1965a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Predovnik (2018a), Roskam (2009a), Sage (2005a), Šumpich (2011a).

Last modified 24.ii.2023