Sesia bembeciformis (Hübner, 1806)
lunar hornet moth
The larva makes a 10-40 cm long tunnel in the basal part of the stem, between bark and wood.The sawdust is expelled through an opening. Pupation in the gallery, in spring, in a cocoon that had been made the previous autumn. After emergence the exuvium protrudes half-way out of the exit opening. Preference for warm and dry locations.
Salix alba, aurita, caprea, cinerea, gmelinii, purpurea, viminalis.
The most important host is S. caprea.
The larva lives for 3-4 years.
distribution within Europe
Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.
Sphecia crabroniformis (Lewin, 1797).
Bąkowski (2013b), Bartsch (1992a), Ebner (ed., 1997a), Itämies, Mutanen, Mutanen & Pöykkö (1996a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2015a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2016a), Pühringer (2000a, 2004a), Sage (2005a), Wegner (2010a).