Synanthedon cephiformis (Ochsenheimer, 1808)

on Abies

parasite

The larva live in the cankers of Melampsorella caryophyllacearum. Pupation in a cocoon in the bark.

host plants

Pinaceae, ? monophagous

Abies alba, borisii-regis, cephalonica.

Records from Juniperus communis; Larix; Picea; Pinus need confirmation because the fungus does not occur there.

phenology

The larva lives for one, sometimes two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski; see also Laštůvka (1983a).

synonyms

Sesia cephiformis; Synanthedon gaderensis (Králíček & Povolný, 1977).

references

Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Buhr (1964a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Houard (1908a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka (1983a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2015a), Pühringer (2004a), Sage (2005a).

mod 9.i.2019