Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synanthedon conopiformis

Synanthedon conopiformis (Esper, 1782)

on Quercus


The larva bores in the wood, in the transition zone between living and dead wood, both in thick stems and in branches of 3-4 cm. Sometimes in coppice plots. The frass of the larva is yellowish white in colour, contrary to the brown frass of S. vespiformis that may occur on the same tree. Pupation in a cocoon under the bark.
Hamborg found the larvae especially in old galls that had been caused by Viscum album.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus petraea, pubescens, robur.


The larva lives for two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bella, Bartsch & Laštůvka (2017a), Ebert (ed, 1997a), Hamborg (1993a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Nipppel (1992a), Predovnik (2018a).

Last modified 25.ix.2018