Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synanthedon myopaeformis

Synanthedon myopaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)

red-belted clearwing

mainly on woody Rosaceae

Synanthedon myopaeformis

England, Norfolk, Downham-Market, © Rob Edmunds (to lure)

Synanthedon myopaeformis

at another angle


The larvae make galleries below the bark, preferably in cankerous or galled branches or branches that have been wounded mechanically. Pupation in the gallery, in a cocoon.

host plants

Rosaceae, Maloideae,, narrowly oligophagous

Crataegus monogyna; Cydonia oblonga; Eriobotrya japonica; Malus domestica; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aria, aucuparia, mougeotii.

But according to some authors also Hippophaë rhamnoides.


The larva generally lives for two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Mainly in old, neglected, apple trees.


Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Bartsch & Pühringer (2005a), Bella, Bartsch & Laštůvka (2017a), Buhr (1964b), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Mifsud, Farrugia & Sammut (2003a), Predovnik (2018a), Sage (2005a).

Last modified