Synanthedon scoliaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)
The larva makes ascending tunnels between the bark and wood of mature or declining trees with broken branches. Pupation in the gallery, in a tough cocoon. Exit opening ± 5 mm.
Betula pendula, pubescens.
The larva lives two or three years.
distribution within Europe
Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.
Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Bland (1989a), Ebert (ed, 1997a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2014c, 2019a), Predovnik (2018a), Pühringer (1998a, 2000a), Sage (2005a).