Synanthedon spuleri (Fuchs, 1908)

polyphagous on trees

parasite

The larvae make snort tunnels between the bar and the wood in cankers or in stems that have mechanically been damages, like by the unloading of felled trees. Pupation in an cocoon under the bark. Galls of Gymnosporangium clavariiforme etc. in Juniperus are often visited.

host plants

Abies alba, concolor; Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Diospyros kaki; Fagus sylvatica; Juniperus chinensis, communis, phoenicea; Populus tremula; Prunus domestica; Pyrus; Quercus robur; Salix alba, purpurea; Thuja; Ulmus.

phenology

The larva develops in one or two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.

synonyms

Synanthedon tipuliformis var. spuleri; S. schwarzi (Kralíček & Povoiný, 1977).

references

Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013a), Bartsch (1992a), Bella, Bartsch & Laštůvka (2017a), Buhr (1964b), Hamborg (1993a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Pühringer (2004a), Špatenka (1987a).

mod 3.i.2019