Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synanthedon spuleri

Synanthedon spuleri (Fuchs, 1908)

polyphagous on trees


The larvae make snort tunnels between the bar and the wood in cankers or in stems that have mechanically been damaged, like by the unloading of felled trees. Pupation in an cocoon under the bark. Galls of Gymnosporangium clavariiforme etc. in Juniperus are often visited.

host plants

Abies alba, concolor; Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Diospyros kaki; Fagus sylvatica; Juniperus chinensis, communis, phoenicea; Populus tremula; Prunus domestica; Pyrus; Quercus robur; Salix alba, purpurea; Thuja; Ulmus.


The larva develops in one or two years.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Synanthedon tipuliformis var. spuleri; S. schwarzi (Kralíček & Povoiný, 1977).


Aistleitner (2004a), Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013a), Bartsch (1992a), Bella, Bartsch & Laštůvka (2017a), Buhr (1964b), Crégu (2019a), Goossens & Garrevoet (2019a), Hamborg (1993a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Pühringer (2004a), Špatenka (1987a), Wimmer (1997a).

Last modified 24.v.2021