Synanthedon stomoxiformis (Hübner, 1790)
primarily on Frangula, Rhamnus
The larva lives in a broad flat room just below the bark of the root crown. The gallery is so short the one supposes the larva to live of the sap of the tree. Pupation in a silken tube to the soil surface near the stem.
Rhamnaceae, almost oligophagous
distribution within Europe
The larva lives for two years.
Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.
Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bartsch (1992a), Corley (2005a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Gassmann, Tosevski, Appleton ao (2006a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2014c), Pühringer (2004a).