Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Synanthedon stomoxiformis

Synanthedon stomoxiformis (Hübner, 1790)

buckthorn clearwing

primarily on Frangula, Rhamnus


The larva lives in a broad flat room just below the bark of the root crown. The gallery is so short the one supposes the larva to live of the sap of the tree. Pupation in a silken tube to the soil surface near the stem.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, almost oligophagous

Frangula alnus; Rhamnus alaternus, cathartica, pallasii, saxatilis.

Also found once on Crataegus. Ebert (ed., 1997a) states that observation from any other plant are erroneous. Nevertheless, Gassmann ao still mention Sorbus aria and Corylus avellana.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


The larva lives for two years.

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.


Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bartsch (1992a), Corley (2005a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Gassmann, Tosevski, Appleton ao (2006a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a, 2014c), Pühringer (2004a), Vávra (2016a).

Last modified 28.i.2021