Synanthedon tipuliformis (Clerck, 1759)

currant clearwing

on (Euonymus), Ribes

Synanthedon tipuliformis: damage to Ribes rubrum

Ribes rubrum, Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt: above the gall and the exit opening the shoot has died off

Synanthedon tipuliformis on Ribes rubrum: ejected frass

ejected frass

Synanthedon tipuliformis on Ribes rubrum: pupa in situ

pupa in the gallery

Synanthedon tipuliformis:i kmago

imago

gall

the larva bores in the pith of not too old branches, that locally are swollen. Pupation in the gallery, without a cocoon.

host plants

Grossulariaceae, almost monophagous

Ribes aureum, nigrum, rubrum, uva-crispa.

Not rarely also Euonymus europaeus
Records of other host plants possibly derive from confusion with the polyphagous, similar Synanthedon spuleri.

phenology

The larva lives for one year.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

larva, pupa

Larva and pupa are extensively described by Bąkowski.

references

Bachelard (2014a), Bąkowski (2013b), Bąkowski, Celadyn, Hołowiński & Zajda (2011a), Bartsch (1992a), Buhr (1965a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Grosscurt (2017a), Kusdas & Reichl (eds, 1974a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2001a), Predovnik (2018a).

mod 25.ix.2018